The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has recommended restricting the use of Tolperisone, a muscle relaxant authorised to treat a variety of different conditions, including spasticity due to neurological disorders and muscle spasms associated with diseases of the spine and large joints in several European Union countries since the 1960, according to a Pharmabiz report.
The review by the Agency’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) was initiated by Germany following concerns over several hypersensitivity reactions reported post marketing and insufficiently demonstrated efficacy in some indications, noted the report. Taking into account that the risk of hypersensitivity reactions is more significant than previously identified and due to uncertainties in relation to its efficacy in the different indications, the Committee concluded that the benefits of Tolperisone outweighed its risks only in the treatment of adults with post-stroke spasticity and only when used as an oral formulation, the report said.
The Agency has asked the doctors to stop prescribing Tolperisone for any other indication than post-stroke spasticity in adults. They should also no longer use Tolperisone injection. Patients currently using Tolperisone for any other indication or using Tolperisone injection should speak to their doctor at their next routine appointment so they can switch to an appropriate alternative treatment, the report pointed out.
The agency had directed that the doctors should warn their patients about the possibility of developing hypersensitivity reactions during treatment with Tolperisone. Patients should stop treatment with tolperisone and speak to their doctor if they experience symptoms such as flushing, rash, severe itching of the skin (with raised lumps), wheezing, breathing problems, difficulty in swallowing, fast heartbeat, low blood pressure or fast decrease in blood pressure. The CHMP’s opinion will be sent to the European Commission for the adoption of a binding decision throughout the European Union, added the report.